题 目：Marriage, Childrearing, and the Gender Wage Differentials within the Firm — Evidence from China
While gender wage differentials receive great attention, not much is known about its evolution within a firm because of the lack of data. Using a unique personnel data from a large Chinese company, we document the dynamics of the gender wage differentials over the career and explore possible explanations. We find the gender wage differentials are widening throughout the career. There is no obvious wage gap between male and female employees when their careers start. The wage gap emerges when the employees get married, with women's wage starting to fall behind. There is a temporary peak during women's childbirth but the wage gap quickly restores to pre-pregnant level ten months after childbirth. The gender wage gap again gradually expands afterward. We argue household division of labor is the main driving force of this pattern. After marriage and childbirth, men are increasingly focusing on works while women are increasingly focusing on children and household affairs. As a consequence, women are promoted at a slower rate. Women also tend to work in departments that are low-paid and less competitive, but easier to ask for leave. In terms of productivity, we find no evidence that women's productivity within the department becomes lower after childbirth.
陈祎，2015年毕业于加州大学洛杉矶分校，获经济学博士学位，现任暨南大学经济与社会研究院助理教授，曾在西安交通大学金禾经济研究中心任教。研究领域包括劳动经济学、健康经济学、应用微观经济学。目前主要研究包括：储蓄与消费行为、计划生育政策、性别不平等、代际支持等。其研究成果发表于Economic Development and Cultural Change，《经济学（季刊）》等国内外知名刊物。