On November 11, the famous economist, Professor YK. Ng shared with the students of Xi’an Jiaotong University about scholar in psychology, sociology, philosophy and economics’ finding about happiness and their false and discussing how to increase the happiness of individuals and society, and gives points of happiness from A to L.
Different from many people, Professor Ng believed that happiness was absolute, but would be affected by relative factors. Happy itself is not good or bad, but will affect future happiness or others. He used the principles of evolutionary biology and bittersweet feelings of neuroscience to prove that happiness is a single-dimensional, cross-species; the bittersweet feelings has appeared cerebral cortex at early period rather than the neo-cortex of the brain in later evolution; body size can compare happiness only unidimensionally, to make the best of choice of survival and reproduction. Professor Ng also supported happy was universal disregard of culture background, and that happiness can be measured cardinally and compared interpersonally, whose key is to determine the point of zero net happy.
Professor Ng pointed out the ultimate goal of the individual and society that is fun, and after that people generally solved the problem of food and clothing, then GDP should not be used as a measure of a country's living standard. Important is the level of the national quality of life. He proposed a new measure system - environmentally responsible national happiness index (Environmentally responsible happy nation index, abbreviated as ERHNI, namely E-ni): net joy is multiplied by the number of years of life, and then deducting the per capita environmental hazards- as the national success criteria indicators.
In all aspects related to faith and joy, health, employment, helpful, marriage, Prof. Ng proposed twelve points to help individuals and society happier: attitude, balance, self-confidence, dignity, investment, family / friends, Thanksgiving, health, ideal, cheerful, mercy and love. He also emphasized that in achieving happiness, we should pay attention to other important factors, such as environmental protection, freedom, democracy, harmony, honest and moral.
Professor Ng also gave five tips to Chinese to keep healthy: replace toothpicks with floss, replace private chopsticks with public chopsticks, replace white rice or white bread with grain bread and replace cooked vegetables with raw vegetables.
Professor Ng, wife of Professor Ng and Professor Kwoh Yusen, Director Jinhe Center for Economics also presented at this lecture.